“Is climate-smart agriculture (CSA) an oxymoron?”, Lisa Schipper, a researcher, was questioning this statement in 5th Asia-Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forum recently in Sri Lanka.”
ASEAN is one of the most productive agricultural regions in Asia. In 2012, the region produced 129 million tons of rice, 40 million tons of corn, 171 million tons of sugarcane, 1.44 million tons of soybean, and 70.34 million tons of cassava. Rice production is forecast to increase by 3% to 132.87 million tons. ASEAN claimed to increase exports to 18.28 million tons. While domestic utilization is projected to increase to 114.57 million from 113.04 million tons in 2012, self-sufficiency (production to domestic utilization) ratio is still assured at 116%. However, the projection didn’t happen due to climate change. In 2014, the region produced less than 120 million tons of rice. For the 2015/16 growing season, USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) is forecasting total rice production at a record 118.2 million tons. Yet optimism is still high on the growth of the agriculture sector in the region. The ASEAN region is home to around 600 million people while its main food markets, East Asia and South Asia, have populations of 1.6 billion people and around 1 billion people, respectively.
However, Southeast Asia is highly vulnerable to climate change as a large proportion of the population and economic activity is concentrated along coastlines; the region is heavily reliant on agriculture for livelihoods; there is a high dependence on natural resources and forestry and the level of extreme poverty remains high. A study carried out by Asian Development Bank (ADB) revealed that the mean temperature in the region increased by 0.1 to 0.3 degree Celsius per decade between 1951 and 2000; rainfall trended downward from 1960 to 2000, and sea levels have risen 1 to 3millimetres per year. Heat waves, droughts, floods, and tropical cyclones have also become more intense and frequent. The same study projects a4.8 degrees Celsius rise in mean annual temperature and a 70 centimeters rise in mean sea level by 2100 in Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam.
ASEAN farmers actually have been practicing organic farming and good agriculture practices. This effort should be combined with the CSA to increase the resilience of the region. There are several ways to mix these sustainable agriculture practices. First is insurance which protects farmers from crop losses due to bad weather and encourages them to innovate. Weather index-based insurance schemes can help secure farmers’ livelihoods and enable them to invest in climate-smart technologies. It will improve million farmers’ adaptive capacity with the help of climate-smart insurance. Through close collaboration with farmers, civil society, governments and researchers, it will support the concept and practice of climate-smart agriculture
In order to boost development of the idea, effective multi-actor collaboration is required in advancing climate smart agriculture in the region. The summit is expected to bridging the gap between learned from the agricultural and climate change related government bodies and the cooperation with international research institutes, development agencies and the private sector, the summit aims to discuss the opportunities and challenges in promoting climate-smart agriculture in ASEAN through such multi-actor collaboration. We will hear the lessons and experiences that should help lay the groundwork for a better interface in an area that impacts so greatly on the lives of many people in the region.
This summit is about “What Have You Learnt and What Can We Improve”. This summit is more of collective learning on effectiveness and integration challenges than learning only from one particular initiative or project.
This summit will be run as combined presentation and panel discussion. World-renowned experts will demonstrate the cases and theories of synergy climate change adaptation and mitigation with bioenergy. These key issues will be further discussed with panelists. For instance, a panelist can refer to their institution projects on agribusiness, agroforestry, good agriculture practices and ecosystem management which connect with climate-smart agriculture.
NAME AND THE THEME OF EVENT TIME AND PLACE
“Achieving Food Security in ASEAN Countries toward Climate-Smart Agriculture
Date: 10 – 14 November 2018.
Place: National Chung Hsing University, Taichung Taiwan
TARGET OF PARTICIPANTS
The participants consist of 150 youths, academics and agriculture stakeholders in Southeast Asia Countries. 30-40 people from various stakeholders are expected from the Agriculture industry/company. Climate change actors, Government agency on agriculture, NGO related agriculture, Development agency related agriculture and Finance institutions such as banks and microfinance institutions. Youth participants will be requested to write an essay related to the topic of the summit and sub-themes.
OBJECTIVES: Expected outcomes and take away points for the audience
- In conducting this event, numbers of objective have been set, as follows: To accommodate shared ideas, initiatives, lesson learned and experiences between youths, experts, and stakeholders through the paper and verbal discussion which later to be published to several Media as the resources to climate-smart agriculture development.
- To Improve the participants’ knowledge and skill through overseas experience and gaining best practices from various stakeholders in synergies between agriculture with climate change adaptation and mitigation actions.
- To build international networks, and to support their needs in the future and to disseminate and evaluate agriculture projects from participants and finding an opportunity to synergize with climate actions
- To reinforce their competency in preparing the entrance of ASEAN Economic Community and to presenting the Forum as an avenue of exchange and relevant learning experiences based on actual projects, and as a platform for conversations about the challenges and opportunities in implementing the idea of climate smart agriculture.
Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) Summit (Call for Essay)
Climate-Smart Agriculture Summit will be held in campus auditorium along with fellow local students or international studies who have an interest in all three sub-themes that will be discussed. Some of the best-chosen papers will have the opportunity to present their papers to be discussed together so all participants could gain more insights into those topic discussions. Agribusiness is an integral part of CSA agenda. Developing more green agribusiness in each ASEAN country will have to face challenges, adapt to demand and make the necessary adjustments to ensure that the food industry can take advantage of a number of new opportunities. It is expected that agribusiness in ASEAN will be able to contribute to boosting green growth in the region. Various events are required to promote investments in climate-smart agriculture in developing countries. Value chain and supplier companies in the agricultural sector, financial institutions and NGOs should be brought together to exchange experiences and ideas about climate-smart agriculture and to establish new partnerships in emerging markets. It also has to offer possibilities for agribusinesses to explore funding opportunities through their Global Agriculture and Food Security Program. Fresh ideas are needed to bring us one step closer to mobilizing investment and making agriculture in developing countries climate-smart.
GREEN GROWTH FOR AGRIBUSINESS
Deforestation is often the only option available for the livelihoods of smallholder farmers living in forested areas. Compounding this, the government has made attempts to roll back no-deforestation pledges to allow smallholder farmers to continue using unsustainable agricultural practices. On top of this, climate change impacts are now emerging as a serious threat to progress in Indonesia’s agricultural development. With a strong dependence on climate-sensitive natural resources to support their livelihoods, smallholder farmers in Asean are highly vulnerable to climate change. To cope with these challenges, approaches to this issue in Asean are becoming even more complex, combining the more established practices of environmental protection and poverty reduction with emerging concepts related to global climate change: mitigation and adaptation. The agroforestry approach concept for forest communities is needed. It can do empowering smallholder farmers to find alternatives to harvesting forests. To grow, protect and preserve the forest land itself, the agroforestry offers local farmers free land to plant crops in the forest. In return for both the land and farming income, the farmers must protect the rain-forest. The agroforestry has been advancing farmer cooperatives, organic farming techniques, and a fair trade system. By improving farmers’ quality of life and building trust throughout the community, the program has provided powerful incentives for both long-term ecological and economic restoration.
Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) and Good Handling Practices (GHP) are voluntary audits that verify that fruits and vegetables are produced, packed, handled, and stored as safely as possible to minimize risks of microbial food safety hazards. GAP & GHP audits verify adherence to the recommendations made by the Food and Drug Administration’s Guide to Minimize Microbial Food Safety Hazards for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables and industry recognized food safety practices.
Series of Events
Agriculture Campus Tour
Campus Tour is designed for participants to visit some renowned university majoring in agriculture in Taiwan, one of which is ? as the best agriculture major among ASEAN, located in National Chung Hsing University. This program includes laboratory, garden, greenhouse and library visit and other provided campus facilities as well as discussion with campus representatives to have more information about further scholarships and study opportunities about agriculture.
Farming exploration invites participants to visit several farms and plantations such as ? in Taiwan to learn more about the farms’ work in promoting climate-smart agriculture for improving the nation’s economic growth.
The urban-rural challenge will be one of the memorable activities for participants because they will go to some agriculture-related places in two areas in Taiwan. They will compare agriculture practices in rural and urban areas and how the community consumes the foods from agriculture which affecting food security issue.
20 August – 10 September 2018: Submission of Abstract
11 September 2018: Notification of Abstract
20 September 2018: Full Essay
THEME OF ESSAY
We invite you to become a presenter of your ideas with the main topic areas as follows:
- Emerging Trends in Sustainable Agricultural toward Climate Change
- Agricultural Policies toward Climate Change
- Improving Food Chain Efficiency
- Climate Change Impact on Nutrition, Quality, and Resource use Efficiency
It may be irony when we talk about food security in the agricultural country such as ASEAN. However, this problem is really due to global change and climate change. In Indonesia as the biggest country in the ASEAN, the agriculture’s contribution to the country’s GDP has fallen from 15.2 – 14.4 %, from 2003 to 2013. One of the reasons could be declining in the number of farmers, which was 1.93 % each year, in a period from 2010 until 2014. Meanwhile, there are only 12 % of the 35 million farmers are younger than 35 years. This fact is adding threat to food security in ASEAN.
Food security depends on farmers security. Existing government programme in Indonesia starts to pay attention to farmers welfare. One of the strategies is by improving high return and important commodity such as cacao which brings principal income/livelihood. It provides the opportunity for the farmers to have multiple crops on their farms. There is a good opportunity for farmers to play roles in the agriculture value chain, not only in the farming stage but also in post-harvesting processes.
Yet the farmers have to deal with vulnerable climate variability and increasing their adaptive capacity. Therefore, the agriculture actors have to prepare adaptation strategy: improving irrigation systems, practising organic farming and implementing the agroforestry concept which is supported by various stakeholders. Development of agriculture value chain can support food security and farmers’ income security.
Phone : Ms. Rahman ( +62 821-1446-5594 )